Named after the Roman god of doorways, entrances, gateways, thresholds, beginnings and endings, Janus (the month Januarius). Janus was a two headed god that could see into the past and the future; hence the first month being named after her. The god of the doorways is where we get the word ‘janitor’ from; the caretaker of doors and gateways.
The name comes either from the old-Italian god Februus. On 15th day of the month was a Pagan festival of purification called Februa and so this month came to be known as Februa's month, signifying the festivals of purification celebrated in Rome during this month. On the 14th day of the month was a holiday to honour the goddess Juno, the Queen of the Roman pantheon, and the goddess of women and marriage. It was therefore no coincidence that the Emperor Claudius II arranged for a priest named Valentine to be clubbed to death and then beheaded on this day.
This is the first month of the Roman year. It is named after the Roman god of war, Mars. Mars was the Roman version of Ares the Greek god of war.
Originally called Quintilis (fifth month). It was the month in which Julius Caesar was born. In 44 BC after his assassination, to deify and immortalize his name it was renamed Julius.
Originally this month was called Sextilis (from sextus, "six"). It was also called, 'Weodmonao', which means 'month of weeds' (Modern farmers/gardeners still hold this to be true). Named in 8 BC after Augustus Caesar, the adopted heir of Julius Caesar and the first Roman emperor (because several fortunate events of his life occurred during this month). A synonym for the adjective 'august' is 'venerable', and the emperor was known as the Venerable Caesar.
FOOD 4 THOUGHT (you do the dishes): God’s calender starts in the spring when the earth is alive, not in the middle of winter. Israel left Egypt in ‘the beginning of months’ (Exodus 12:1-3), this was anywehere from late March to early May. If that is not proof that Paganism is all around us, (even in this so-called Christian nation) then I don’t know what is. Pope Gregory XIII changed the calendar system in 1582 and established the Gregorian calendar with January as the first month of the year.